Author(s). Name of Page. Date of Posting/Revision. Date of
Access. <electronic address>.
Note: It is necessary to list your date of access because web postings are often updated, and information available at one date may no longer be available later. Be sure to include the complete address for the site. Also, note the use of angled brackets around the electronic address; MLA requires them for clarity.
An article in an online journal or magazine
Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume. Issue
(Year): Pages/Paragraphs. Date of Access <electronic
Note: Some electronic journals and magazines provide paragraph or page numbers; include them if available. This format is also appropriate to online
magazines; as with a print version, you should provide a complete publication date rather than volume and issue number.
Author. Email to the author. Date.
Note: This same format may be used for personal interviews or personal letters. You need only change the designation accordingly.
A listserv posting
Author. "Title of Posting." Online posting. Date. Name of
listserv. Date of access <electronic address for retrieval>.
An electronic database (such as NewsBank, Ethnic NewsWatch, or Broadcast News)
Provide the bibliographic data for the original source as for any other of its genre, then add the name of the database along with relevant retrieval data (such as version number and/or transcript or abstract number).
Each summer (in the Northern hemisphere) or winter (in the Southern hemisphere), Microsoft published a new version of Encarta . However, despite the inclusion of news-related and some supplementary articles, Encarta ' s contents had not been changed substantially in its later years. Besides the yearly update, the installed offline copy could be updated over the Internet for a certain period for free depending on the edition. Some articles (usually about 2,000) were updated to reflect important changes or events. When the update period expired, an advertisement prompting to upgrade to the new version was displayed to the user occasionally.