How to write an abstract for an english dissertation

A good abstract provides an idea of why the original research this paper is based upon provides an added value to the conference and the ongoing dialogue in the field. It is obviously not easy to squeeze the research of an entire PhD thesis into a few lines. You will need to focus on one specific angle, answering four straightforward questions:
a) What is the problem you address?
b) What method(s) do you use to research this problem?
c) What data have you been able to produce or process?
d) What (intermediary) findings will you be able to discuss?
In answering these four questions in a succinct manner, the usual 200 to 300 words of an abstract are quickly used up.
And take your time! A good abstract is not written in just a few minutes. Even experienced researchers prefer to go over it several times.

I was fascinated by an experiment we recently did on using an acid to plate copper on a nail. I wanted to explore the topic further, which why I chose to study how the pH of an acid affects copper plating. After some research, I guessed that the lower the pH the more copper would be deposited on the nail. For my experiment, I made several different solutions of acid with pH’s ranging from 1 to 7. Then, I placed the pennies in each jar overnight. After that, I took out the penny and replaced it with the nail in each jar and observed what happened over three days. The nail in the solution with a pH of 1 was completely dissolved. The nail in the solution with a pH of 2 was partially dissolved. The nail in the solution with a pH of 3 had a fair amount of copper plated on it. The nail in the solution with a pH of 5 had a bit of copper. The nail in the solution with a pH of 7 was unaffected. I learned that the pH of the acid solution is important to copper plating, but unlike my hypothesis, it needs to be around pH of 3 to be the most effective.

Oral presentation (See Oral Presentation Guidelines (pdf) )

  • The presentation must adhere to the abstract that is accepted
    • Must remain a clinical practice focus or research focus
    • Must maintain the same teaching point, methods or results as summarized in the accepted abstract
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    The ItrBase class is the top class of the hierarchy. Itr is simply a wrapper on a pointer to an ItrBase, so that it can be allocated on the heap –the actual implementation of the class deriving from ItrBase can have an arbitrary size. Note how the Itr copy and assignment operators are implemented via the ItrBase::clone() method, so that Itr behaves as a scalar type. Last but not least, the (non-virtual) ItrBase::operator== equality operator first checks for type equality before calling the (virtual) equality method equal on the virtual subclass. The reason ItrBase is not a pure virtual is that it can conveniently be used to denote an empty range, ., the range (ItrBase(), ItrBase()) is empty.

    How to write an abstract for an english dissertation

    how to write an abstract for an english dissertation

    The ItrBase class is the top class of the hierarchy. Itr is simply a wrapper on a pointer to an ItrBase, so that it can be allocated on the heap –the actual implementation of the class deriving from ItrBase can have an arbitrary size. Note how the Itr copy and assignment operators are implemented via the ItrBase::clone() method, so that Itr behaves as a scalar type. Last but not least, the (non-virtual) ItrBase::operator== equality operator first checks for type equality before calling the (virtual) equality method equal on the virtual subclass. The reason ItrBase is not a pure virtual is that it can conveniently be used to denote an empty range, ., the range (ItrBase(), ItrBase()) is empty.

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