The subjects of his poetry are varied. Effects of both his wandering tendencies and activism, is evident in his middle and later works. His famous poems like Bādal kō Ghiratē Dēkhā hai ( Hindi : बादल को घिरते देखा है ), is a travelogue in its own right. He often wrote on contemporary social and political issues. His famous poem Mantra Kavita (मंत्र कविता), is widely considered the most accurate reflection of a whole generation's mindset in India. Another such poem is Āō Rānī Hama Ḍhōēṅgē Pālakī ( Hindi : आओ रानी हम ढोएंगे पालकी ), which sarcastically humiliates the then prime minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru , for the extravagant welcome thrown by him for Queen Elizabeth .
The Anushtubh Vedic metre has been the most popular in classical and post-classical Sanskrit works.  It is also octosyllabic, next harmonic to Gayatri metre that is sacred to the Hindus, and it appears either in free verse or fixed syllabic form ( shloka ). It has a rhythm, offers flexibility and creative space, but has embedded rules such as its sixth syllable is always long, the fifth syllable is always short; often, the seventh syllable in even numbered lines of a stanza is short (iambic) as well.  The Anushtubh is present in Vedic texts, but its presence is minor, and Trishtubh and Gayatri metres dominate in the Rigveda for example.  A dominating presence of the Anushtubh metre in a text is a marker that the text is likely post-Vedic.