After at least six years of medical school, the students graduate with a final federal medical exam ( Zweiter Abschnitt der ärztlichen Prüfung ). Graduates receive their license to practice medicine and the professional title of physician ( Arzt ). The academic degree Doctor of Medicine (Dr. med.) MD is a postgraduate research degree in medicine.  It is awarded if the graduate has, in addition, successfully completed a scientific study and dissertation. Many medical students opt to perform their thesis during their studies at medical school but are only allowed to finish the dissertation process after their studies.
In Quebec, ‘Postdoctoral Fellow’ is a regulated category of trainee requiring full time registration at the University in compliance with provincial regulations set out by the Ministère de l’Éducation et de l'Enseignement supérieur (MEES) for the purpose of governing postdoctoral education. Quickly defined, postdoctoral fellows must be within five years of graduating with a . or equivalent (including a recognized health professional degree plus a medical specialty) who are engaged in research at the invitation of and under the supervision of a member of McGill’s academic staff. More information on the definition, status, and policies and procedures governing registration of postdoctoral fellows at McGill.